 # 2D plot from a matrix

#1

Hello,

Say I have a matrix of size 100x2

X = ( (x_1, y_1),
(x_2, y_2),
...,
(x_100, y_100))

Each entry (x_i, y_i) is a point of the unit circle.
How can I get a 2D plot of this matrix?

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#2

I'm not sure if I understand you correctly because you are not providing a REPRoducible EXample (reprex). Is this what you are trying to do?

``````library(ggplot2)

# Made up X matrix
X <- matrix(1:100, nrow = 50, ncol = 2)
X <- as.data.frame(X)
names(X) <- c("x", "y")
head(X)
#>   x  y
#> 1 1 51
#> 2 2 52
#> 3 3 53
#> 4 4 54
#> 5 5 55
#> 6 6 56

# Plot
ggplot(X, aes(x = x, y = y)) +
geom_point()
`````` Created on 2019-04-07 by the reprex package (v0.2.1.9000)

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#3

I have 100 couples (x_i, y_i) in a matrix such that x_i^2 + y_i^2 = 1 and I want to plot them.

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#4

Well, my code above is plotting (x, y) points, you can modify the code to do the same with your own matrix, if you want more specific help, please provide a reproducible example.

If you've never heard of a reprex before, you might want to start by reading this FAQ:

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#5

If you have the coordinates of the points you want to plot in two columns of a matrix, you can simply use the `plot` function on that matrix. You don't need to use `ggplot` here. But of course, you can use it.

See below:

``````r <- 1
theta <- seq(from = -pi,
to = pi,
length.out = 1e+3)
u <- (r * cos(x = theta))
v <- (r * sin(x = theta))
data_in_matrix <- cbind(u, v)

# base plot function
plot(data_in_matrix,
asp = 1)

# using ggplot2
library(ggplot2)
`````` ``````
# quickplot
quickplot(x = u,
y = v,
data = as.data.frame(x = data_in_matrix))
`````` ``````
# ggplot
ggplot(data = as.data.frame(x = data_in_matrix),
mapping = aes(x = u,
y = v)) +
geom_point()
`````` Created on 2019-04-07 by the reprex package (v0.2.1)

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#6

Thanks a lot, that was I was looking for.
Does it still work in dimension 3 e.g. for X = ( (x_1, y_1, z_1),
(x_2, y_2, z_2),
...,
(x_100, y_100, z_100))?

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#7

`ggplot2` doesn't support 3D plotting but there are other options for this, like `plotly` for example.

``````library(plotly)
plot_ly(data = X, x = ~x, y = ~y, z = ~z, type = "scatter3d", mode = "markers")
``````

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#8

Thanks.

How did you resize your plots?
I get an "ellipse":

instead of a circle because the width is 4 times the height.

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#9

I tried the code:

Y = simuSphere(3, 10000)
Y = as.data.frame(Y)
names(Y) <- c("x", "y", "z")
plot_ly(data = Y, x = x, y = y, z = z, type = "scatter3d", mode = "markers")

where simuSphere(3, 10000) gives me a matrix like but I got a 2D figure:

Do you know why?

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#10

You are missing this symbol `~`

``````plot_ly(data = Y, x = ~x, y = ~y, z = ~z, type = "scatter3d", mode = "markers")
``````
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#11

To use same scale in both axes, use `coord_fixed`.

You may wish to take a look at this SO thread:

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#12

It's still a 2D plot even with the tilde

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#13

It's hard to know why without having a reproducible example, could you make one? I don't have access to the `simuSphere()` function, so I can't test your code.

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#14

Sure, here is the code:

``````norme2 = function(x){

return(sqrt(sum(x^2)))

}

simuNormale = function(n) {

u = runif(n)
v = runif(n)
x = sqrt(-2*log(u))*sin(2*pi*v)

return(x)

}

simuSphere = function(d, n){

X = matrix(nrow = n, ncol = d)

for(i in 1:n){

N = simuNormale(d)

X[i,] = N/norme2(N)

}

return(X)
}
``````
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#15

I can't reproduce your issue, I get a 3D plot

``````library(plotly)
norme2 = function(x){

return(sqrt(sum(x^2)))

}

simuNormale = function(n) {

u = runif(n)
v = runif(n)
x = sqrt(-2*log(u))*sin(2*pi*v)

return(x)

}

simuSphere = function(d, n){

X = matrix(nrow = n, ncol = d)

for(i in 1:n){

N = simuNormale(d)

X[i,] = N/norme2(N)

}

return(X)
}

Y = simuSphere(3, 10000)
Y = as.data.frame(Y)
names(Y) <- c("x", "y", "z")
plot_ly(data = Y, x = ~x, y = ~y, z = ~z, type = "scatter3d", mode = "markers")
``````

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#16

Weird, could it be a RStudio issue?

I've noticed that I don't get the plot for my graphics, I have to get them from Plots > save as image

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#17

I don't think so, try to run the code again on a fresh R session, Ctrl+Shift+F10

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#18

I did that and also tried updating the plot ly library and restarting my computer but it didn't change anything

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#19

Well, this seems like a different issue, I think you should ask this in a new topic (under #rstudio-ide category) and include all the relevant information to reproduce your problem including your R, RStudio and OS versions.

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closed #20

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