error installing packages in RStudio

I've had this issue with some other packages as well. Tried solutions from other posts here as well, but can't seem to figure out what's wrong. I have R version 3.6 and these don't install in R or RStudio. Would really appreciate some help to figure out how to fix this.
Thanks!


install.packages("DescTools")
#> Installing package into '/usr/local/lib/R/3.6/site-library'
#> (as 'lib' is unspecified)
#> Warning in install.packages("DescTools"): installation of package 'DescTools'
#> had non-zero exit status

Created on 2020-04-20 by the reprex package (v0.3.0)

install.packages("randomcoloR")
#> Installing package into '/usr/local/lib/R/3.6/site-library'
#> (as 'lib' is unspecified)
#> also installing the dependency 'V8'
#> Warning in install.packages("randomcoloR"): installation of package 'V8' had
#> non-zero exit status
#> Warning in install.packages("randomcoloR"): installation of package
#> 'randomcoloR' had non-zero exit status

Created on 2020-04-20 by the reprex package (v0.3.0)

With given logs, it's hard to know what was exact problem.

but in randomcoloR it's obvious that V8 doesn't installed well so randomcoloR also crashed.
and V8 mentions that osX and windows can install with CRAN not linux.

I'm not sure about your session / machine information, so this may not be helpful
but you can try at least.

  • install package with development version like
library(devtools)
install_github('AndriSignorell/DescTools/')
  • install package with proper method ( if you use linux )

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sorry for typo

install_github('AndriSignorell/DescTools/')

should be

install_github('AndriSignorell/DescTools')

plus, could you install V8 package independently?

I'm using windows so I don't know exactly but, official github repository for V8 says

you can install by

install.packages('V8')

or using brew ( I don't know what it is )

brew install V8

you can refer this V8 link

after installing V8 successfully, try install randomcoloR

thanks for the reply. I realize while focusing on making a reprex, I still left out a lot of required info.

System is MacOS Mojave (10.14.6).

I tried your suggested fix but get an error installing from GitHub:

> library(devtools)
Loading required package: usethis
> install_github('AndriSignorell/DescTools/')
Error in parse_repo_spec(repo) : 
  Invalid git repo specification: 'AndriSignorell/DescTools/'

Any other suggestions? I've posted the entire error log for randomcoloR, hope that would be more helpful. DescTools showed similar errors, so hope that one solution will work for the other.

> install.packages("randomcoloR")
Installing package into ‘/usr/local/lib/R/3.6/site-library’
(as ‘lib’ is unspecified)
also installing the dependency ‘V8’

trying URL 'https://cran.rstudio.com/src/contrib/V8_3.0.2.tar.gz'
Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 680134 bytes (664 KB)
==================================================
downloaded 664 KB

trying URL 'https://cran.rstudio.com/src/contrib/randomcoloR_1.1.0.1.tar.gz'
Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 5913 bytes
==================================================
downloaded 5913 bytes

* installing *source* package ‘V8’ ...
** package ‘V8’ successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
** using staged installation
Using PKG_CFLAGS=-I/usr/local/opt/v8/include -I/usr/local/opt/v8/libexec/include
Using PKG_LIBS=-L/usr/local/opt/v8/{lib,libexec} -lv8 -lv8_libplatform
** libs
rm -f V8.so RcppExports.o bindings.o
clang++ -std=gnu++11 -I"/usr/local/Cellar/r/3.6.0_2/lib/R/include" -DNDEBUG -I/usr/local/opt/v8/include -I/usr/local/opt/v8/libexec/include -DV8_ENABLE_CHECKS -I"/usr/local/lib/R/3.6/site-library/Rcpp/include" -I/usr/local/opt/gettext/include -I/usr/local/opt/readline/include -I/usr/local/include  -fPIC  -g -O2  -c RcppExports.cpp -o RcppExports.o
clang++ -std=gnu++11 -I"/usr/local/Cellar/r/3.6.0_2/lib/R/include" -DNDEBUG -I/usr/local/opt/v8/include -I/usr/local/opt/v8/libexec/include -DV8_ENABLE_CHECKS -I"/usr/local/lib/R/3.6/site-library/Rcpp/include" -I/usr/local/opt/gettext/include -I/usr/local/opt/readline/include -I/usr/local/include  -fPIC  -g -O2  -c bindings.cpp -o bindings.o
In file included from bindings.cpp:7:
In file included from /usr/include/unistd.h:658:
/usr/include/gethostuuid.h:39:17: error: C++ requires a type specifier for all declarations
int gethostuuid(uuid_t, const struct timespec *) __OSX_AVAILABLE_STARTING(__MAC_10_5, __IPHONE_NA);
                ^
In file included from bindings.cpp:7:
/usr/include/unistd.h:665:27: error: unknown type name 'uuid_t'; did you mean 'uid_t'?
int      getsgroups_np(int *, uuid_t);
                              ^
/usr/include/sys/_types/_uid_t.h:31:31: note: 'uid_t' declared here
typedef __darwin_uid_t        uid_t;
                              ^
In file included from bindings.cpp:7:
/usr/include/unistd.h:667:27: error: unknown type name 'uuid_t'; did you mean 'uid_t'?
int      getwgroups_np(int *, uuid_t);
                              ^
/usr/include/sys/_types/_uid_t.h:31:31: note: 'uid_t' declared here
typedef __darwin_uid_t        uid_t;
                              ^
In file included from bindings.cpp:7:
/usr/include/unistd.h:730:31: error: unknown type name 'uuid_t'; did you mean 'uid_t'?
int      setsgroups_np(int, const uuid_t);
                                  ^
/usr/include/sys/_types/_uid_t.h:31:31: note: 'uid_t' declared here
typedef __darwin_uid_t        uid_t;
                              ^
In file included from bindings.cpp:7:
/usr/include/unistd.h:732:31: error: unknown type name 'uuid_t'; did you mean 'uid_t'?
int      setwgroups_np(int, const uuid_t);
                                  ^
/usr/include/sys/_types/_uid_t.h:31:31: note: 'uid_t' declared here
typedef __darwin_uid_t        uid_t;
                              ^
5 errors generated.
make: *** [bindings.o] Error 1
ERROR: compilation failed for package ‘V8’
* removing ‘/usr/local/lib/R/3.6/site-library/V8’
Warning in install.packages :
  installation of package ‘V8’ had non-zero exit status
ERROR: dependency ‘V8’ is not available for package ‘randomcoloR’
* removing ‘/usr/local/lib/R/3.6/site-library/randomcoloR’
Warning in install.packages :
  installation of package ‘randomcoloR’ had non-zero exit status

Thanks! for the DescTools package that was the trick. For the randomcoloR / V8 I updated V8 using home-brew, then was able to install randomcoloR from CRAN, after updating packages through R studio.
Thanks so much for your help!