Problem with installation package "fpp2": installation of package ‘forecast’ had non-zero exit status

Hi guys, I'm trying to install the package "fpp2", but this error message keeps appearing. Can anyone please help me see what to do, thank you all !!!

> install.packages("fpp2")
also installing the dependency ‘forecast’


  There is a binary version available but the source version is later:
         binary source needs_compilation
forecast   8.13   8.14              TRUE

Do you want to install from sources the package which needs compilation? (Yes/no/cancel) Yes
trying URL 'https://cran.rstudio.com/bin/macosx/contrib/4.0/fpp2_2.4.tgz'
Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 357514 bytes (349 KB)
==================================================
downloaded 349 KB


The downloaded binary packages are in
	/var/folders/yh/9lzbbdhx2c133_jvlcqd9dfw0000gn/T//RtmpFh6peb/downloaded_packages
installing the source package ‘forecast’

trying URL 'https://cran.rstudio.com/src/contrib/forecast_8.14.tar.gz'
Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 588088 bytes (574 KB)
==================================================
downloaded 574 KB

* installing *source* package ‘forecast’ ...
** package ‘forecast’ successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked
** using staged installation
** libs
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c calcBATS.cpp -o calcBATS.o
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c calcTBATS.cpp -o calcTBATS.o
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c etsTargetFunction.cpp -o etsTargetFunction.o
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c etsTargetFunctionWrapper.cpp -o etsTargetFunctionWrapper.o
clang -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c etscalc.c -o etscalc.o
clang -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c etspolyroot.c -o etspolyroot.o
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c makeBATSMatrices.cpp -o makeBATSMatrices.o
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c makeTBATSMatrices.cpp -o makeTBATSMatrices.o
clang -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c registerDynamicSymbol.c -o registerDynamicSymbol.o
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c updateMatrices.cpp -o updateMatrices.o
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG  -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/Rcpp/include' -I'/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/RcppArmadillo/include' -I/usr/local/include   -fPIC  -Wall -g -O2  -c updateTBATSMatrices.cpp -o updateTBATSMatrices.o
updateTBATSMatrices.cpp:38:10: warning: unused variable 'gammaVector' [-Wunused-variable]
        double *gammaVector;
                ^
1 warning generated.
clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 -dynamiclib -Wl,-headerpad_max_install_names -undefined dynamic_lookup -single_module -multiply_defined suppress -L/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/lib -L/usr/local/lib -o forecast.so calcBATS.o calcTBATS.o etsTargetFunction.o etsTargetFunctionWrapper.o etscalc.o etspolyroot.o makeBATSMatrices.o makeTBATSMatrices.o registerDynamicSymbol.o updateMatrices.o updateTBATSMatrices.o -L/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/lib -lRlapack -L/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/lib -lRblas -L/usr/local/gfortran/lib/gcc/x86_64-apple-darwin18/8.2.0 -L/usr/local/gfortran/lib -lgfortran -lquadmath -lm -F/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/.. -framework R -Wl,-framework -Wl,CoreFoundation
ld: warning: directory not found for option '-L/usr/local/gfortran/lib/gcc/x86_64-apple-darwin18/8.2.0'
ld: warning: directory not found for option '-L/usr/local/gfortran/lib'
ld: library not found for -lgfortran
clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)
make: *** [forecast.so] Error 1
ERROR: compilation failed for package ‘forecast’
* removing ‘/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.0/Resources/library/forecast’
Warning in install.packages :
  installation of package ‘forecast’ had non-zero exit status

The downloaded source packages are in
	‘/private/var/folders/yh/9lzbbdhx2c133_jvlcqd9dfw0000gn/T/RtmpFh6peb/downloaded_packages’

Your are missing the Fortran compiler in your system

The easiest solution would be to answer "no" to this question, you would get a precompiled binary version that is a little older but much easier to install.
If you need to install the latest version from source, then you need to install Xcode in your system (not in R) and the recommended development tools for macOS systems.

Thank you for your reply. But it’s really weird. I didn’t do anything. I just turned off R, went for a cup of coffee, and came back to continue on learning how to use R. When I turned on R again, I tried this same command one more time. This package was successfully installed. So i'm really confused, "turn it off and reopen it" is also a way to solve the problem in R?:joy:

This topic was automatically closed 21 days after the last reply. New replies are no longer allowed.

If you have a query related to it or one of the replies, start a new topic and refer back with a link.