Hi. I have a question about using the as.numeric. I'd like to turn a whole column of dates such as "03/24/2020" to numeric so that I can put these converted numeric variables as my x-axis in a ggplot function. My question is should I use as.numeric(df$Date) or as.numeric(as.character(df$Date)). My idea is not to use the first one because it's not a "straight" number. Any hints would be helpful. Thank you in advance!
df$Date column is already of Date class, use
as.numeric(df$Date), otherwise convert the column to Date class first, then use
as.numeric. In your example, "3/24/2020" is a character string, so let's work with that in the example below.
x = "3/24/2020" x #>  "3/24/2020" class(x) #>  "character" as.numeric(x) #> Warning: NAs introduced by coercion #>  NA x = lubridate::mdy(x) x #>  "2020-03-24" class(x) #>  "Date" x = as.numeric(x) x #>  18345 y = as.character(x) y #>  "2020-03-24" class(y) #>  "character"
But do you need to convert your dates to numeric at all? ggplot handles date columns without the need to convert them to numeric values.
As suggested by the code above, Dates in R are actually just numeric values with a Date class attached. For example:
y=100 y #>  100 class(y) = "Date" y #>  "1970-04-11"
as.numeric(as.character(df$Date)) is necessary for converting factors back to their underlying categorical values. If
df$Date is of Date (or character) class, you'll see that if you run
as.numeric(as.character(df$Date)) you'll get a vector of missing values. The reason for this is
as.character converts the dates to character strings and
as.numeric returns missing values when applied to character strings. The first code block shows this.
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Thank yo for replying! Was inspired by your response.
I used as.Date and based on your prompt I really didn't use as. numeric as my x-axis, the date itself is good enough.