Unable to install any new packages, any help?

I am trying to install new packages in RStudio, namely "spData", using 'install.packages("spData")'. This hasn't been an issue until yesterday, I haven't changed anything at all as far as I am aware, yet the only way that I could install packages yesterday was after uninstalling and re-installing R. Which was a pain as then I had to reinstall even more packages.

Upon opening RStudio today, the same issue. Now I have since been able to install tidytext, wordcloud, widyr and patchwork in R rather than RStudio. For this I chose a CRAN Mirror near me geographically, as I have no idea what this actually means (no experience with/knowledge of what a CRAN mirror is). Testing again with spData as this still needs to be installed in RStudio with both global CRAN mirror and the same one used in R and same error again, code and output below:

> install.packages("spData")
Warning in install.packages :
  cannot open compressed file 'C:\Users\jacob\AppData\Local\Temp\RtmpyY8c2t/repos_http%3A%2F%2Fcran.rstudio.com%2Fsrc%2Fcontrib.rds', probable reason 'No such file or directory'
Warning in install.packages :
  cannot open compressed file 'C:\Users\jacob\AppData\Local\Temp\RtmpyY8c2t\file5f143e2a4139', probable reason 'No such file or directory'
Warning in install.packages :
  unable to access index for repository http://cran.rstudio.com/src/contrib:
  cannot open the connection
WARNING: Rtools is required to build R packages but is not currently installed. Please download and install the appropriate version of Rtools before proceeding:

https://cran.rstudio.com/bin/windows/Rtools/
Installing package into ‘C:/Users/jacob/AppData/Local/R/win-library/4.2’
(as ‘lib’ is unspecified)
Warning in install.packages :
  cannot open compressed file 'C:\Users\jacob\AppData\Local\Temp\RtmpyY8c2t/repos_http%3A%2F%2Fcran.rstudio.com%2Fsrc%2Fcontrib.rds', probable reason 'No such file or directory'
Warning in install.packages :
  cannot open compressed file 'C:\Users\jacob\AppData\Local\Temp\RtmpyY8c2t\file5f1446d921c6', probable reason 'No such file or directory'
Warning in install.packages :
  unable to access index for repository http://cran.rstudio.com/src/contrib:
  cannot open the connection
Warning in install.packages :
  package ‘spData’ is not available for this version of R

A version of this package for your version of R might be available elsewhere,
see the ideas at
https://cran.r-project.org/doc/manuals/r-patched/R-admin.html#Installing-packages
Warning in install.packages :
  cannot open compressed file 'C:\Users\jacob\AppData\Local\Temp\RtmpyY8c2t/repos_http%3A%2F%2Fcran.rstudio.com%2Fbin%2Fwindows%2Fcontrib%2F4.2.rds', probable reason 'No such file or directory'
Warning in install.packages :
  cannot open compressed file 'C:\Users\jacob\AppData\Local\Temp\RtmpyY8c2t\file5f1442a5e', probable reason 'No such file or directory'
Warning in install.packages :
  unable to access index for repository http://cran.rstudio.com/bin/windows/contrib/4.2:
  cannot open the connection
Warning messages:
1: In download.file(mirrors_csv_url, destfile = mirrors_csv, quiet = TRUE) :
  URL https://cran.r-project.org/CRAN_mirrors.csv: cannot open destfile 'C:\Users\jacob\AppData\Local\Temp\RtmpyY8c2t\mirrors5f1441ed70ee.csv', reason 'No such file or directory'
2: In download.file(mirrors_csv_url, destfile = mirrors_csv, quiet = TRUE) :
  download had nonzero exit status
3: In file(file, "rt") :
  cannot open file 'C:\Users\jacob\AppData\Local\Temp\RtmpyY8c2t\mirrors5f1441ed70ee.csv': No such file or directory```