How to convert a chr variable to a factor variable to be able to identify levels


I am new here, new to R and trying to find a community that could help me learn and grow.

I am currently following some Data Camps courses and simultaneously, I am trying to apply what i learn on my own data set from a future experiment that I will run.
I am trying to look at the levels of a variable but the output I obtain is NULL. My variable is chr and I am not sure how to transform it into a factor (as I think would help my NULL problem).
How do I convert a chr variable into a variable with factor?

Thank you for your help!

You can use as.factor() function

x <- c("a", "b", "c")
#> [1] "character"
x <- as.factor(x)
#> [1] "factor"
#> [1] a b c
#> Levels: a b c
#> [1] "a" "b" "c"

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Actually, I don't understand why "levels" don't work, it should work with chr data, right?

By definition a character vector doesn't has levels, if you want to know which unique values it has then you can use unique() function.

x <- c("a", "b", "c", "b", "a")
#> [1] "a" "b" "c"
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There is forcats package that might be of use for you to work with factors in a little bit more streamlined fashion.
For example, if you want to add new levels in factor vector, you can use fct_expand.

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