Thank you for your patience. This is not an issue that most RStudio users are encountering on Windows-10, and I cannot reproduce the problem. I can install RStudio 1.0.153, 1.1.453, and 1.2.826 onto a clean Windows-10 machine and run them with no problems.
So I will need your help in troubleshooting to figure out what it is about your environment that triggers the issue.
First, what specific version of Windows-10 do you have? I am testing on Pro, 64-bit 1803, build 17134.165.
What version of R do you use?
How are you installing RStudio? Do you use the RStudio installer, or are you bundling up the files yourselves as part of an image to apply to machines?
If you are creating your own installation image, then I need to know if installing onto a test machine configured in your standard configuration, using the RStudio installer, also has the problem. Need you to conduct that test, using both the currently released 1.1 build (1.1.453), and if possible, the latest daily build (1.2.826). Goal is to find it these work when installed via the standard RStudio installer. That hopefully gives us some clues about what to investigate next.